T. Ruanni F. TUPAS, Ph.D.
Centre for English Language Communication
National University of Singapore
10 Architecture Drive, S117511
Senior Lecturer, Centre for English Language Communication, NUS, and a recipient of the CELC Teacher Excellence Award for 2011; the 2009 Andrew Gonzalez Distinguished Professorial Chair Holder in Linguistics and Language Education and awarded Honorary Membership with the Linguistic Society of the Philippines for contributions to Philippine applied linguistics; 2008 National Book Award Finalist for the edited volume, (Re)making society: The politics of language, discourse and identity in the Philippines (University of the Philippines Press, 2007); Project Director (with KC Lee), "Capability-Building of English Language Curriculum Developers for a Professional Communication for University Faculty in ASEAN Universities", a S$485,000 grant from Temasek Foundation Singapore (2009-2012); and member, Advisory Board, Journal of Language Teaching (2011-2013).
CURRENT RESEARCH INTERESTS
Sociolinguistics of Education
Politics of World Englishes
Multilingualism and ELT
Ph.D. (English Language), National University of Singapore
MA (English Studies: Language), University of the Philippines in Diliman
BA (English Studies: Language, cum laude), University of the Philippines in Diliman
COURSES TAUGHT SINCE 1992
Professional Writing -- Writing for the Professions, Business Writing, Business Communication, Professional Writing (Design and Environment), Grammar in the Workplace (Basic and Intermediate)
Basic Writing -- English for Academic Purposes (Design & Environment, and Music), Freshman English (Asian-American Texts), English Composition
English Proficiency -- Basic English, Developmental English, Intensive English, Communication Skills 1 & II, English Grammar
Literature -- Humanities 1 (Intro. to the Study of Literature), Intro. to Third World Literature
Modern/Applied Linguistics -- Intro. to the Study of Language, Intro. to Modern Linguistics, Phonology, Morphology, Syntax, the Study of English in Context, the Structure of English, Discourse Analysis, Varieties of English
CELC Teacher Excellence Award (2011)
Temasek Foundation Singapore Grant, $485,000, "Capability-Building of English Language Curriculum Developers for a Professional Communication for University Faculty in ASEAN Universities", with Lee Kooi Cheng (2009-2012)
2009 Andrew Gonzalez Distinguished Professorial Chair in Linguistics and Language Education, awarded by the Linguistic Society of the Philippines
2008 Philippine National Book Award Finalist, Manila Critics Circle and the National Book Development Board
Teaching Enhancement Grant (TEG), S$10,000, "An investigation into university students’ written errors", Centre for Development of Teaching and Learning, with support from the Centre for English Language Communication, NUS, with Siew Mei (principal investigator) and Zhu Shenfa (co-investigator).
The Solidarity Award, International Association for Applied Linguistics (AILA), Tokyo (September 1999)
The NUS Research Scholarship, National University of Singapore (1999-2001)
Bro. Andrew Gonzalez Chair for Linguistics and Language Education Grant, De La Salle University, Manila, Philippines (1999)
The University of the Philippines Diamond Jubilee Faculty Grant for Research, University of the Philippines in Diliman (1998)
The UP Research Grant, Developmental English Research, University of the Philippines (1996)
Visiting Scholar Award, Department of English, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia (1996-1997)
The University of the Philippines Local Fellowship Grant, MA Thesis Writing, University of the Philippines in Diliman (1995-1996)
The University of the Philippines Local Fellowship Grant, "An investigation into the pedagogical implications of IRF and Modified IRF Structures in the Teaching of Developmental English", April-May, Summer, 1996)
Department of English and Comparative Literature Research Grant, “Strategizing the language awareness theory in the Writing Laboratory”, University of the Philippines (1st Sem 1997-1998)
President’s Committee on the Improvement of English Teaching Grant, “The curriculum evaluation of the communication program of the University of the Philippines” (The Language Competence Test Section)University of the Philippines in Diliman (2nd semester 1997-1998)
The Diamond Jubilee Faculty Grant, “Language awareness in the Writing Laboratory: Materials preparation in action”, University of the Philippines in Diliman (January to December 1998)
Department of English and Comparative Literature Research Grant, “The effect of the self-access language laboratory on the linguistic competence of UP students”, University of the Philippines in Diliman (1st Semester 1998-1999)
Cum Laude , BA English Studies (Language), University of the Philippines in Diliman (1992)
University Scholar, University of the Philippines, 1st Sem/2nd Sem 1991-1992, 2nd Sem 1990-1991
2004. Second Language Teaching. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Open University (358pp).
Edited Volumes/Special Issues
2009. Communicating in the university culture. Singapore: Centre for English Language Communication, National University of Singapore (with Cook, C. & Norhayati, B.M.I.).
2008. The English language teaching and learning landscape: Continuity, innovation and diversity. Selected papers from the Second CELC Symposium for English language teachers. Centre for English Language Communication, NUS. (With Wu, S.M. as first editor, and Chew, M.L., Sadorra, M.L.C. & Varaprasad, C. as co-editors).
2007. (Remaking) society: The politics of language, discourse and identity in the Philippines. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press.
2007. Changing perspectives on pedagogical grammar. Singapore Association for Applied Linguistics: Singapore (with Yuan, Y. & Nur, C).
2000. Special Issue: “Critical language studies in English in the Philippines”. Journal of English Studies and Comparative Literature, 6(1). (with Bumatay-Cruz, R.)
Articles in Journals
2012. Rubdy, R., Tupas, T.R.F., Villareal, C.D., David, M.K., & Dumanig, F.P. (2012). Review of doctoral research in English language education in the Philippines, Singapore and Malaysia (2007–2010). Language Teaching, 45(1), 64–88.
2011. The new challenge of the mother tongues: The future of Philippine postcolonial politics. Kritika Kultura, 16, 108-121.
2009. Language as a problem of development: Ideological debates and comprehensive education in the Philippines. Theme: Multilingual, globalizing Asia: Implications for policy and education. AILA Review, 22, 23-39. Copy here.
2009. Research in applied linguistics and language teaching and learning in Singapore (2000–2007). Language Teaching, 42(3), 317-340. (With Rubdy, R. as first author) Copy here.
2008. Kalayagan, tawid-buhay and other uses of language in a marginal Philippine community: The place of language in literacy and social development. Special issue: “Political economies of literacy in multilingual South East Asia”. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 11(1), 226-245. Copy here.
2008. Bourdieu, historical forgetting, and the problem of English in the Philippines. Philippine Studies, 56(1), 47-67. Copy here.
2008. Postcolonial English language politics today: Reading Ramanathan’s ‘The English-Vernacular Divide’. Kritika Kultura, 11, 4-26. Copy here.
2007. Learning about learning: Literacy demands in Singapore’s global university’. Special issue: "New literacies, new identities". The 3L Journal of English Language Teaching, Linguistics and Literature, 13, 29-52. Copy here.
2007. Media review (Ramanathan’s ‘The English-Vernacular Divide: Domination, postcolonial language politics and practice’). Critical Inquiry in Language Studies, 4(4), 318-326.
2006. Why do my students write the way they write? The problem of culture in the teaching of professional communication. STETS Language & Communication Review, 5(1), 1-9. Copy here.
2005. Using peer evaluation to promote independent learning in report writing. Reflections on English Language Teaching, 4, 111-118. With Ismail, N.M. & Ho, P.W. as first and second authors)
2004. The politics of Philippine English: neocolonialism, global politics, and the problem of postcolonialism. World Englishes, 23(1), 47-58. Copy here.
2003. History, language planners, and strategies of forgetting: The problem of consciousness in the Philippines. Language Problems & Language Planning, 27(1), 1-25. Copy here.
2003. Book review. (Englishes in Asia - Communication, identity, power and education, A. Kirkpatrick, ed.), SAAL Quarterly 62, 7-11. Copy here.
2002. Demythologizing English as an economic asset: The case of Filipina domestic workers in Singapore. The ACELT Journal, 6(2), 20-32. (With Lorente, B.P. as first author).
2001. Linguistic imperialism in the Philippines: Reflections of an English language teacher of Filipino Overseas Workers. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 10(1), 1-40.
2000. Introduction: Language studies in English in the Philippines: Challenges and prospects. Journal of English Studies and Comparative Literature, 6(1), 1-17. Copy here.
2000. ‘Viva kay Señor Sto. Niño!’: Some notes towards critical language studies in English in the Philippines. Journal of English Studies and Comparative Literature, 6(1), 126-140. Copy here.
1999. Student empowerment through writing: Strategizing feedback for writing in the Philippine context. Journal of Asian English Studies, 2, 297-308. (With Pison, R.J.L. as first author)
1999. The end of bilingual education in the Philippines? Public Policy, 3(4), 63-87.
1999. What happens if linguistics goes critical? Implications for English Language Education in the Philippines. The Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 8(2), 129-151.
1997. ‘Viva kay Señor Sto. Niño!’: Towards a critical English language studies in the Philippines. Journal of English Studies and Comparative Literature, 2(1), 77-100. Copy here.
1998. Is there room for composition theory in a Filipino English language classroom?: An exploratory paper. Philippine Journal for Language Teaching.
1995. Working out environmental education through English language teaching. Philippine Journal for Language Teaching.
2011. Afterword -- Crossing cultures in an unequal world: Voice and agency in academic writing in English. In Phan Le Ha & Baurian (eds.), Crossing cultures: Journeys in ESL/EFL writing, pp. 213-220. UK: Emerald.
2011. English-knowing bilingualism in Singapore: Economic pragmatism, ethnic management and class. In Feng, A. (ed.), English Language in education and societies across Greater China, pp. 46-69. UK: Multilingual Matters.
2010. Which norms – and why? In Kirkpatrick, A. (ed.), The Routledge handbook of World Englishes, pp. 567-579.
2008. World Englishes or worlds of English?: Pitfalls of a postcolonial discourse in Philippine English. In K. Bolton & M.L.S. Bautista (eds.), Philippine English: Language and Literature. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
2008. Anatomies of linguistic commodification: The case of English in the Philippines vis-à-vis other languages in the multilingual marketplace. In P. Tan & R. Rubdy (eds.), Language as commodity: Global structures, local marketplaces. London: Continuum Press.
2007. Go back to class: The medium of instruction debate in the Philippines. In Lee Hock Guan & Leo Suryadinata (eds.). Language, Nation and Development in Southeast Asia, pp. 17-38. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.
2007. Back to class: The ideological structure of the medium of instruction debate in the Philippines. In T.R.F. Tupas (ed.), (Re)making society: The politics of language, discourse and identity in the Philippines, pp. 61-84. Diliman, Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press.
2006. Standard Englishes, pedagogical paradigms and their conditions of (im)possibility. In R. Rubdy & M. Saraceni (eds.), English in the world: Global rules, global roles, pp. 169-185. London: Continuum Press. Copy here.
2004. Academic writing in English, identity construction and neocolonialism. In K. Kaur (ed.), Second language writing, pp. 68-92. Kuala Lumpur: Sasbadi.
2002. A century of errors: English language teaching and a political history of Philippine-American relations. In C.D. Villareal, L.R.R. Tope & P.M.B Jurilla (eds.), Ruptures and departures: Language and culture in Southeast Asia, 137-175. Philippines. University of the Philippines. Copy here.
2001. Global Politics and the Englishes of the World. In J. Cotterril & A. Ife (eds.), Language across boundaries (Selected papers from the Annual Meeting of the British Association for Applied Linguistics), pp. 81-98. London and New York: British Association for Applied Linguistics in association with the Continuum Press. Copy here.
1999. Coping ‘up’ with English today. In M.L.S. Bautista & G.O. Tan (eds.), The Filipino bilingual: A multidisciplinary perspective (Festschrift in honor of Emy M. Pascasio), pp. 127-131. Manila: Linguistic Society of the Philippines.
2011. Keynote Speaker. The hegemony of sociolinguistics in English Language Teaching. The 3rd "Engaging with Vietnam - An Interdisciplinary Dialogue" Conference. Theme: Beyond EAST-West Dialogues: Implications for Research and Knowledge Production. Co-sponsored by University of Social Sciences and Humanities – Vietnam National University and Monash University. USSH-VNU, Hanoi. 4-5 December 2011. Link here.
2011. Invited Speaker. Pedagogic interculturalism and unequal professional communication. Symposium on Applied Linguistics & Applied Linguistics & Professional and Organisational Communication. Collaboration between the University of Malaya and Singapore Association for Applied Linguistics. University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur. 4 July 2011.
2011. Panelist. The new challenge of the mother tongues: The future of Philippine postcolonial language politics. Transnationalism and Interdisciplinarity: A Special Session on Philippine Studies. Modern Language Association Convention 2011. J. W. Marriott Hotel, Downtown LA, USA. 6-9 January 2011.
2010. Plenary Address. Mother Tongues and Social Development. The 2010 Linguistic Society of the Philippines Annual Conference and General Assembly. Theme: First Languages First: Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE) in the Philippines. Ateneo de Manila University, 19-20 August 2010. Programme here.
2010. Panelist. Intercultural negotiations in multilingual ELT classrooms. Academic Session of the TESOL Intercultural Communication Interest Group. Theme: World Englishes: (Multi)Cultural Implications Toward English Language Learning and Teaching. 44th Annual TESOL Convention. Boston, MA, USA. 24-27 March 2010. Report here.
2010 (with KC Lee). Capability building in materials development in Southeast Asia. Staff Seminar. Centre for English Language Communication, National University of Singapore. 24 February 2010.
2010 (with KC Lee). Capability building in materials development in Southeast Asia. English for Business and Technology 2010. Institut Teknologi Brunei, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam, 3-4 February 2010.
2009. Keynote Address. Language learning and globalization: Conditions of (im)possibility. 1st International Conference on Language Learning and Teaching (CoLT2009). Theme: Confronting realities in diverging horizons. Penang Malaysia, 5-6 March 2009.
2009. Distinguished Professorial Chair Lecture. Re(discovering) Philippine applied linguistics: Language secessionism in Muslim Mindanao. Professorial Chair Lecture delivered as recipient of the 2009 Andrew Gonzalez Distinguished Professorial Chair in Linguistics and Language Education. Linguistic Society of the Philippines. Venue: De La Salle University-Manila, 14 March 2009.
2008. Plenary Address. Frameworks of research in applied linguistics: How and where do we start? Conference on Research and the Teaching of English: Eurasian Encounters. Annual Meeting of the Association for English Research and Teaching (ASSERT-Phil). University of the Philippines, Diliman, 17 May 2008.
2008. Designing an EAP syllabus: Problems and possibilities". CELC Staff Seminar. Centre for English Language Communication, NUS, Singapore. 22 October 2008.
2008. Strategic criticality: how teachers negotiate competing perspectives on ELT. Colloquium on Power/imagination/accommodation: Flexibility on Southeast Asian contexts. International Conference on Responding to Change: Flexibility in the Delivery of Language Programmes. 7-8 January 2008. Hong Kong University of Science and Technology.
2007. Plenary Address. Language and literature in multicultural Singapore: Pedagogical interventions. Fifth Joint Congress of the Council of Department Chairpersons for English (CDCE) and College English Teachers Association (CETA) of the Philippines. In cooperation with the Commission on Higher Education (CHED). Theme: Theory and practice in language and literature teaching: A revisit and a (re)vision. Bayview Park Hotel, Roxas Boulevard, Manila, 25-27
2007. Invited Speaker. Re-viewing language policy from ‘above’ and ‘below’: The language wars in the Philippines. Asia Research Institute (ARI) Seminar Series: Striking a balance: Roundtable on language policy and national identity. 14 August 2007.
2007. Invited Speaker. Language theories: Applications and limitations. Ph.D. in Language and Literature Lecture Series. English Department, Ateneo de Manila University, Loyola Heights, Quezon City. 19 and 21 June 2007.
2007. Why do my students write the way they write? The problem of culture in the teaching of professional communication. The 2nd CELC International Symposium. The Hilton, Orchard, Singapore. 30 May-1 June 2007.
2006. Our YST experience thus far: Confronting realities, identifying possibilities. CELC Staff Seminar Sharing Session (convenor and speaker). With Lim Meng Leng, Christianty Nur, Radhika d/o Ramakanthan, Zhu Shenfa. 30 August 2006, NUS.
2004. Anatomies of linguistic commodification: The case of English in the Philippines vis-à-vis other local languages in the multilingual global marketplace. SAAL Forum on the Mother Tongue Issue in Multilingual Communities. National Institute of Education. August 2004.
2004. Cultures in the classroom: the limits and possibilities of contrastive rhetoric. CELC Staff Seminar, Centre for English Language Communication, NUS, Singapore. 20 March 2004.
2003. Back to class: the medium of instruction debate in the Philippines. Workshop on Language, Nation and Development in Southeast Asia. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, NUS, Singapore. 26-27 November 2003.
2003. Language ideological debates: National identity construction in the Philippines. Panel paper presented at the International Conference on Language and Nationhood: Confronting New Realities. Putrajaya Marriot Hotel, Malaysia. 16-18 December 2003.
2000. Global Politics and the Englishes of the World. Annual Meeting of British Association for Applied Linguistics. The British Association for Applied Linguistics 33rd Annual Meeting. Theme: “Language across boundaries”. Homerton College, Cambridge University. 7-9 September 2000.
2000. The colonial foundations of English language teaching in the Philippines (read by Dr Lily Rose Tope). 2nd International Conference on Southeast Asia. Theme: “Ruptures and Departures: Language and Culture in Southeast Asia. President’s Committee on the Improvement on English Teaching, University of the Philippines in Diliman. January 2000.
1999. Codeswitching as Resistance: A Philippine Experience. Echo-Conference-Workshop of the 12th World Congress of Applied Linguistics. Camp Maria Makiling, Los Banos, Laguna. 9-10 December 1999.
1999. Codeswitching as Resistance: A Philippine Experience (A Solidarity Award Paper). 11th World Congress of Applied Linguistics. International Association for Applied Linguistics (AILA). Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan. 1-6 August 1999.
1999. Coping ‘up’ with English” (Read by Dr Maria Clara Ravina). Centennial Congress on Philippine Bilingualism from a Multidisciplinary Perspective. Ateneo de Manila University. 21-23 January 1999.
1999. Directions in critical applied linguistics. International Conference on Teacher Education. College of Education, University of the Philippines in Diliman. 3-5 July 1999.
1998. Languages in contact: A critical discourse analysis. The Linguistic Society of the Philippines Annual Convention. De La Salle University -- Manila. 23 May 1998.
1998. Fairclough and codeswitching in the Philippines. Lingua Franca Lecture Series. Arcellana Reading Room, University of the Philippines. December 1998.
1998. Codeswitching as resistance: A Philippine experience. International Conference on Language Education. Language Education Council (LEDCO) of the Philippines and the Language Study and Research Center, Inc. (LSRCI). Manila Midtown Hotel. 3-4 April 1998.
1997. Language studies in English: A critical framework for English language teaching in the Philippines. Seminar-workshop on Recent developments in linguistic theory -- Applications to language teaching. Linguistic Society of the Philippines, Summer Institute of Linguistics, De La Salle University -- Manila, in September 1997.*
1997. Modified Initiation-Response-Feedback Structure: Language and ideology in a Philippine classroom setting. Related Departments, Graduate College, Philippine Normal University and the Linguistic Society of the Philippines. Language Study Auditorium, Philippine Normal University, Manila. 27 September 1997.*
1995. Student empowerment through writing: Strategizing feedback for writing in the Philippine context. First National Conference on English Studies: Language, Literature, and Culture. Institute of Science and Mathematics Education, 19-21 June 1995. With Ruth Pison.
PRACTICAL PAPERS AND PROFESSIONAL TRAINING WORKSHOPS
2007. Effective strategies for writing abstracts for conferences. A Workshop for Comm Skills staff. Temasek Polytechnic’s Engineering School in collaboration with the Singapore Tertiary English Teachers’ Society (STETS). 14 November 2007.
2007. Workplace Grammar & Language (Elementary-Intermediate). Office of Human Resources, National University of Singapore. 11, 18, 25 May & 4 June 2007.
1998. Basic report writing course. National Intelligence Coordinating Agency. PHILCOA, Quezon City, 14-21 July 1998.
1998. Reading-writing connection (with teaching demonstration). Department of Education, Culture and Sports – University of the Philippines Short-Term Scholarship Training Program for Public School Teachers. Division of Curriculum and Instruction, Language Education Area, College of Education, University of the Philippines, 18 May 1998.
1998. Reading to writing: The logical connection (with teaching demonstration). The Philippine Association for Language Teaching Annual Convention. Teachers’ Camp, Baguio City, 4-6 May 1998.
1998. The nature of language. Two-Week Certificate Course for Teachers of English. UP President’s Committee on the Improvement of English Teaching. Francisco Arcellana Reading Room, Faculty Center, UP Diliman. 13 April 1998.
1998. Language and literature. Two-Week Certificate Course for Teachers of English. UP President’s Committee on the Improvement of English Teaching. Francisco Arcellana Reading Room, Faculty Center, UP Diliman. 24 April 1998.
1998. Effective written and oral communication. National Intelligence Board Five-Day Intelligence Orientation Course. National Bureau of Investigation Training Room. Manila. 2-6 February 1998.
1995. The teaching of the position paper. General Education Seminar. Arcellana Reading Room, University of the Philippines in Diliman. 2 November 1995.
1994. Concept paper writing. General Education Seminar on Teaching Language Creatively. Department of English and Comparative Literature. Philippine Center for Economic Development, Quezon City. December 1994.
1994. Seminar-workshop on technical writing. Occupational Safety and Health Center, Quezon City, Philippines, 2-7 November 1994.