Roland Barthes: Mythologies
The whole of France is steeped in this anonymous
ideology: our press, our cinema, our theatre, our popular literature, our
ceremonies, our Justice, our diplomacy, our conversations, our remarks on the
weather, the crimes we try, the wedding we are moved by, the cooking we dream
of, the clothes we wear, everything, in our everyday life, contributes to the
representation that the bourgeoisie makes for itself and for us of the
relationships between man and the world.
Paris Match photo of black
soldier saluting the flag:
I am at the barber's, and a copy of Paris-Match
is offered to me. On the cover, a young Negro in a French uniform is saluting,
with his eyes uplifted, probably fixed on a fold of the tricolour.
All this is the meaning of the picture. But, whether naively or not, I
see very well what it signifies to me: that France is a great Empire, that all
her sons, without any colour discrimination, faithfully serve under her flag,
and that there is no better answer to the detractors of an alleged colonialism
than the zeal shown by this Negro in serving his so-called oppressors. I am
therefore again faced with a greater semiological system: there is a signifier,
itself already formed with a previous system (a black soldier is giving the
French salute); there is a signified (it is here a purposeful mixture of Frenchness and militariness);
finally, there is a presence of the signified through the signifier.