EN 4223 - Topics in the Nineteenth Century: The Gothic and After

Semester Offered: II (2005/06)

I've organised some supplementary material according to the following sub-headings.  These are ideas, points, suggestions for some further readings or lines of research, etc. which may give students more ideas or help clarify certain things raised in lectures or tutorials.  Since the gothic is a very complex field of study, particularly in light of the ambivalences of many gothic narratives, this supplementary material is designed primarily to provoke thought and further investigation, and to offer other perspectives.  It is NOT designed to merely repeat and reinforce lecture ideas (although seminar handouts are also posted, immediately below, for the convenience of students who may have missed receiving these in class).

Module Description and Reading List

Lecture Schedule

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 1 (Introduction to Gothic)

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 2 (Frankenstein)

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 3 (Frankenstein)

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecutre 4: (Jekyll and Hyde)

Current Lecture Handouts: lecture 5: (Jekyll and Hyde, "Bottle Imp," "Olalla")

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 6: (Dracula)

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 7 (Dracula, "Mark of the Beast")

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 8 (Hound of the Baskervilles)

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 9 (Hound of the Baskervilles)

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 10 (Uncle Silas)

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 11 (Uncle Silas/"Carmilla")

Current Lecture Handouts: Lecture 12 (She/Conclusion)

Presentation Topics:
After signing up for presentation slots, choose the presentation topic you want from the list below (choose from amongst the topics given for the seminar in which you will be presenting).  Presentations are to be no longer than 10 minutes, to the point of your particular topic (no summaries of the novel, or longer digressions), with 5-10 minutes of discussion following - so I'm giving the following topics, precisely because they are specific enough for you to speak intelligently on, within 10 minutes.  A presentation handout would help your classmates, but I'm not going to insist on it.  It's ok if more than 1 person picks the same presentation topic for that day, but do please co-ordinate with each other to ensure that you don't repeat points.  It's also ok if you want to devise your own topic, but please clear it with me.  Please email me, informing me of your topic, 1 week before your presentation.

Seminar 3 (7 Feb - Frankenstein): symbolism of the monster; science and "scientism"; fathers and sons; gender; journeys and movements; "God" and Belief; "Satan"; Prometheus

Seminar 4 (14 Feb - J and H): social pressure/influence; Utterson; the narrator; crime and legal issues; Biblical echoes; houses; streets

Seminar 5 (21 Feb - J and H, short stories): social others; racial others; money; magic and supernatural; houses/architecture; colonialism; madness; desire; sexuality

Seminar 6 (28 Feb - Dracula): "east" and "west"; "civilisation"; city and country; the asylum; science and technology; the "new woman"; the family

Seminar 7 (7 Mar - Dracula/"Mark"): racial others; culture wars; colonialism; bestialism; blood; appetites; brotherhood and social bonds; the adventure story

Seminar 8 (14 Mar - H of B): deductive method; semiotics and knowledge; detective and criminal; Watson; technology; narrative; landscape; science

Seminar 9 (21 Mar - H of B): city and country; homosocial bonds; women; monstrosity; bestialism; regression; geography

Seminar 10 (28 Mar - Uncle S): child; manor house; property; father figures; social class; religion and belief; authority

Seminar 11 (4 Apr - Uncle S/"Carmilla"/She): monstrosity; the family/relationship; domesticity; evil "within"; marriage; longevity/time; civilised and barbaric; matriarchy

Seminar 12 (11 Apr - She/conclusion): colonialism; desire; adventure; travel; geography; nationalism; authority; religion/faith; race

Past Lecture Material:
The texts and main concerns covered by this module change from time to time, to prevent things (and lecturers!) from getting stale, and
to reflect new research interests, recent scholarship, etc.  Rather than just deleting past lecture material, I've placed it in another part
of the webpage - click on the links below to take you to the lecture material on the respective texts/authors/themes.

Past Lecture Material - Introduction to the Gothic/Coleridge

Past Lecture Material - Frankenstein

Past Lecture Material - Jekyll and Hyde (In relation to the Detective Novel)

Past Lecture Material - Sherlock Holmes (Return of Sherlock Holmes)

Past Lecture Material - Dorian Gray

Further Reading, Links, Ideas:

Gothic Keywords

Notions of Gothicity

Gothic and Horror

Link to searchable Poems site (including some Coleridge poems) - Courtesy of Tammy Thiang

Link to Robert Louis Stevenson Website:
Comprehensive site (maintained by Richard Dury) with life, bibliographies, other links etc.  Lots of stuff on Jekyll and Hyde, of course.

Link to the "Literary Gothic" page, with lots of author bios, bibliographies etc

Gothic architecture, romantic sublime art and aesthetics:
1.   Horace Walpole's gothic residence, Strawberry Hill (background and some pictures)
2.   J. M. W. Turner, Buttermere Lake (1798)
3.   George Fennel Robson, Skye
4.   Pre-romantic, "Royal Academy" style (mostly portraiture) - Joshua Reynolds
5.   Pre-romantic, "Royal Academy" style - Thomas Gainsborough
        6.   Grant Wood, "American Gothic

Link to the "Dracula's Castle" site: pictures and history of Castle Bran (and some of Castle Dracula)

Article on Jekyll and Hyde
I've got an article entitled
"Textual Hyde and Seek: 'Gentility,' Narrative Play and Proscription
in Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde," which appeared in Journal of Narrative Theory 1999 29:2.  I've placed the full text of the manuscript on this web page (click on link above), in case students are interested.  Any use of or reference to this version of the article must be properly cited.

Article on Kipling's Colonial Gothic
My article entitled
"Shame, Soil and Spectres - Kipling's Colonial Gothic Narrative" appeared in Ariels: Departures and Returns - A Festschrift for Edwin Thumboo, ed. Tong Chee Kiong et al (Singapore: Oxford University Press, 2001).  It deals with some of the issues of race and power, as they are reflected in the colonial unconscious of a writer like Kipling.  Any use of or reference to this version of the article must be properly cited.

Article on Stevenson's "Financial Gothic" in "The Bottle Imp" and other stories

Article on Angela Carter and Postmodern (Pseudo-)Gothic

Article on Coleridge's Gothic Poetry: "(M)Othering the Nation: Guilt, Sexuality and the Commercial State in Coleridge's Gothic Poetry

Past/Possible Questions, Topics for Further Research/Thought


Talking Point: Some Questions from Students, and Brief Responses

Module Description (Semester II 2005/06)

The module aims at training students in the reading and analysis of ninteenth-century gothic narratives.  Students will learn to identify gothic narrative strategies not only in the well-known gothic texts of the period, but also in related sub-genres like the detective, and to bring these strategies to an interrogation of "mainstream" nineteenth-century narratives and culture.  Major tropes to be covered include the "monstrous," "gothic fragmentation," "patriarchy," "doubling," "the uncanny," "dialogical narratives," "gender/sexuality," and related terms and issues.

Primary texts

Short Stories (Le Fanu, "Carmilla"; Stevenson, "Olalla," "Bottle Imp"; Kipling, "Mark of the Beast")
Mary Shelley, Frankenstein
Sheridan Le Fanu, Uncle Silas
Robert Louis Stevenson, Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
Bram Stoker, Dracula
Arthur Conan Doyle, The Hound of the Baskervilles
H. Rider Haggard, She

Secondary texts

Williams, Ann  Art of Darkness: A Poetics of Gothic
Sedgwick, Eve K. The Coherence of Gothic Conventions
Howard, Jacqueline  Reading Gothic Fiction: A Bakhtinian Approach
Baldick, Chris  In Frankenstein's Shadow: Myth, Monstrosity, and Nineteenth-Century Writing
Bloom, Clive (ed.) Nineteenth-Century Suspense: From Poe to Conan Doyle
Peterson, Audrey Victorian Masters of Mystery: From Wilkie Collins to Conan Doyle
Bargainnier, Earl (ed) Twelve Englishmen of Mystery
Veeder, William and Gordon Hirsch (ed) Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde After One Hundred Years
Maixner, Paul (ed) Robert Louis Stevenson: The Critical Heritage
Ousby, Ian Bloodhounds of Heaven: The Detective in English Fiction from Godwin to Doyle

Presentation (10 percent)
General participation in classes (5 percent)
Essay project of student's own devising, in consultation with lecturer (25 percent)
One "keywords" short assignment (10 percent)

Total: 50 percent.  The remaining 50 percent of the final grade will come from the final exam