EN 4223—Past Mid-term Questions



Duration: 40 minutes.  Write your full name and the numbers of the questions you are answering on your script.  Choose any 2 of the following 4 questions, and write short answers (rough guide—about 1 page, or 200-300 words) for each question.  You need not refer to any of our primary texts.


1.   How would you expect narrative form(s) and structure(s) to change in an age of geopolitics?  Why?


2.   Reflect on the relationship between “space” and “race”


3.   Reflect on the anxieties posed by  “time” in an age of capitalism and modernization.


4.   What happens to “middle class-ness” and to middle-class social identities in an age of geopolitics?  Why?






45 minutes – choose any 2 of the following:


1.  What happens to “heroism” within the geopolitical era/culture?


2.   “Surveillance –in its many possible forms – is a means of appropriating and controlling territory.”  Would you agree?  Illustrate (whether you agree or disagree) with historical examples or examples from everyday life.


3.   “Dialogics/heterovocality is necessarily a Democratising of voice and power” – would you agree?


4.   “Speed – the compression of time through technology and other means – serves an ideological purpose” – would you agree?




1. Are cities the peculiar place for crime in a transnational era?  Why, or why not?

2. “The Native Body is not equipped to survive in a transnational era.”  Would you agree?  Why, or why not?

3. What are the pressures faced by the family within capitalist modernity?

4. What relationship might you posit between madness and authority in a transnational era?  Why?




45 minutes, choose any 2 questions:

1.   “Capitalism advances the cause of women” – would you agree?  Why (or why not)?


2.   “The more things change, the more they remain the same” – is there some truth to this adage in the social changes brought about by modernity (say, from 19th C onwards), or not?


3.   Cities are spaces of deviance – agree, or disagree?  Illustrate.


4.   Multi-voicedness (heterovocality) is the shape of art to come, given our present society.  Discuss, with examples.




1.   How are the migrant labourer, and the corporate foreign talent, coded differently in Singapore society?  Apart from individual perceptions, how does society structure their difference (and similarity, if any)?


2.   If the novel was the narrative form of early capitalism (18th/19th C), what is the representative narrative form of our own era of transnational capitalism (late 20th/21st C)?  What characteristics of our era does this narrative form embody?


3.   How does the shopping mall (e.g. Ngee Ann City) shape the consumer’s chronotopic consciousness, and/or an ideology of consumption?


4.   What happens to dating and relationships in our modern chronotope of high-speed and pervasive communications technology?