GEK1049: Tutorial 7, Narration

GEK1049 Tutorials Homepage
Main reading:
, Chapter 7: The Narrator (sections 1-10, 18, 23-24 only).
You may also be interested in the following readings:
Author (disambiguation) (Wikipedia)
A Brief Introduction to Point of View by Ruth Nestvold (2002)
Exploring Point of View: Point of View; Types of Point of View  by Susan Glaspell
First Person or Third? by Tara K. Harper (2004)
First-Person Voice and Points of View by John Rechy (2005)
Narrative point of view: some considerations by John Lye
Narrator (Wikipedia)
Point of View by Jim Lane Humanities Web (10 Nov 2000)
Point of View by Jean B. Trinidad
Q and A: Point of View by Nancy Kress
Time and First Person by Holly Lisle (2003)
Univ of Freiburg
     Narrative Modes; Description as Narrative Mode
     Narrators and Narrative Situation
     Representation of Consciousness: 01, 02
Writing Fiction: A Beginnerís Guide Part 5: Point of View and Narrative Voice


  1. Who or what is an 'author'? You may want to refer to the Wikipedia article, Author (disambiguation) for this. Is it always easy for you to know the author's reason or intended meaning in writing a narrative? Should the author be distinguished from the narrator?
  2. Can there be a narrative without a narrator?
  3. Is the narrator always reliable? If not, how can you know what is 'truthful' within the world of the story?
  4. Does the second-person narrator exist? Should you, when playing a computer game, be described as a second-person narrator?
  5. Compare and contrast the first-person narrator with the first-person shooter, and the third-person narrator with the third-person shooter. Just like the problem with the second-person narrator, is there such a thing called the second-person shooter? Of course, it is theoretically possible (a good number of things are!), but is it a sensible (or interesting) option, especially in relation to playing the game?
  6. Are there any significant differences between narration in the cinema and in written literature?
  7. If a cinematic narrative is entirely seen through the lens of a camera that shoots the movie, without the intervention of voice-over narrators, is there a 'narrator' for the narrative?

Last revised: 26/08/2013

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