Workshop Notes no. 17
In Halliday's grammar, the analysis of cohesion is closely related to the analysis of theme-rheme and given-new, as all these features are connected to the textual metafunction of language. Theme-rheme and given-new combine in the grammar of English to form what Halliday calls the structural component of TEXTURE, which is defined as ‘the property of ‘being a text’’. The other component of TEXTURE is the cohesive, which is the non-structural component. The concept of TEXTURE should thus consist of the following features:
1 thematic structure: Theme & Rheme (Chapter 3)
2 information structure and focus (Chapter 8)
2 ellipsis and substitution
4 lexical cohesion
One problem that you may face when doing stylistic analysis, is the fact that your available linguistic concepts do not adequately deal with connections between sentences. The various relationships between the primary and secondary clauses discussed in the workshops on clause complexing may be applicable to the analysis of more than one clause, but only if they exist within the boundaries of a single sentence. The analysis of theme-rheme in a passage, when combined with the concepts of given and new, can help you to examine the relationships between sentences, but your analysis in this direction may not be as multi-sided as you may have wished. In order to provide you with the tools for a more complete analysis, you have to turn to Halliday's analysis of cohesion.
Cohesion in English, in Halliday's view, is achieved by any of the four ways below:
4) LEXICAL COHESION
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